Uniffors


The profundity of Sen. Chiz “Queso de bola” Escudero

Posted in Manuel Buencamino by uniffors on the April 20th, 2015

At an interview aired over dzBB radio, Sen. Queso de Bola criticized the way the peace panel negotiating with the MILF speaks.

    “Sana naman, bawas-bawasan nila ang ere. Alalahanin natin, sila ang nakikiusap sa Kongreso at sa sambayanan na tanggapin ang kasunduang pinasok nila,” Escudero said in an interview aired over GMA’s dzBB.

    “Simula pa lang, high-pitched na ang boses nila eh, agresibo ang sagot. Maghinay-hinay naman sila. Maghinay-hinay din sana sila. Kung papasinin mo, parang sila pa ang galit,” Escudero said.

And so there will be no peace in Mindanao because Sen. Escudero was offended by the tone of the ladies’ voices. The senator who punctuates his monotone rapid fire speaking style with “Uhms” at the beginning of every sentence.

Sen Chiz, “kahit sinong tao ay ma-iirita pag ikaw ang kausap.”

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ERAP: JUSTICE and COMPASSION

Posted in Manuel Buencamino by uniffors on the April 19th, 2015

“My number one birthday wish is: May President Aquino grant house arrest to former President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. Her physical condition is deteriorating,” said Erap on his birthday. “As a woman we should give her compassion. We should give her a little comfort.”

Teka muna, Erap…if GMA is sick and her physical condition is deteriorating, hindi kaya mas maigi na nasa hospital siya kaysa na sa bahay? Paano kung may emergency, itatakbo pa siya sa hospital?

Either she requires hospitalization or she does not, diba? If she does not require hospitalization then she goes to a detention facility, ganun ang batas para sa mga taong may hinaharap na kaso na walang bail. Di naman pwedeng “kawawa naman” ang dahilan para ma-house arrest na lang siya kasi ang daming ibang nakakulong for unbailable offenses na kawawa naman din.

Mas maganda sana kung ang birthday wish mo ay “I hope she gets well so she can be moved to a detention facility” para you show concern for a fellow human being’s health without sacrificing justice or making exceptions to the law.

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The Peace Investment

Posted in Manuel Buencamino by uniffors on the April 15th, 2015

The PEACE INVESTMENT

Critics of the BBL keep repeating that the MILF will receive P75 billion. How did they get that amount?

Did they add the OLD money which the ARMM region is already getting to the NEW money that will come with the passage of the BBL? Or did they just pull the P75B amount out of their sorry asses?

The NEW money is the PEACE INVESTMENT.

The PEACE INVESTMENT is the only amount that should concern us because all the other allocations are going to be given to the ARMM region anyway- BBL or none, peace or war.

The proposed PEACE INVESTMENT does not come close to the P75B claimed by the anti-BBL crowd. And it DECREASES as the autonomous government becomes less dependent on capital infusion from the national government.

Granted the BBL is a big gamble but where will you put your hard-earned money – on a peace venture that promises to pay handsome dividends or on the continuation of a war that has not paid any dividends and continues to cost billions with no end in sight?

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An editorial disguised as a headline

Posted in Manuel Buencamino by uniffors on the April 14th, 2015
    PNoy eyeing mom’s legal counsel as Comelec chief: sources

    by Ira Pedrasa, ABS-CBNnews.com
    Posted at 04/09/2015 2:40 AM | Updated as of 04/09/2015 2:51 AM
    MANILA – Former Supreme Court Associate Justice Adolf Azcuna is being considered by President Benigno Aquino III to replace former Commission on Elections (Comelec) Chairman Sixto Brillantes, sources told ABS-CBNnews.com.

    Sources said Azcuna has strong backing considering his ties to the Aquino family, which go back to when he served as presidential legal counsel of former President Corazon Aquino.

    Names have cropped up in the past few weeks, including those of Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board Chairman Winston Ginez and former Cadiz City Mayor Rowena Guanzon.

    Ginez and Guanzon, however, are only being considered for the commissioner posts, sources said.

    Asked for comment, Azcuna told ABS-CBNnews.com he won’t confirm nor deny the news.

    Azcuna was one of the leading election lawyers during his younger years in the Philippine Bar.

    Azcuna was also one of the members of the 1986 Constitutional Commission who drafted the new charter following the People Power revolt at EDSA in February 1986.

    Azcuna served for seven years–from 2002 to 2009–as magistrate of the Supreme Court. There, he introduced a concept that highlighted the protection of human rights.

    He is the father of the “writ of Amparo” – which determines, among others, “the responsibility, or at least accountability for the enforced disappearance for purposes of imposing the appropriate remedies to address the disappearance.”

    After he retired from the high court, Azcuna became chancellor of the Philippine Judicial Academy, a post he holds until today.

    Last year, Azcuna was appointed as one of the new commissioners of the International Commission of Jurists (ICJ), an eminent international human rights non-governmental organization.

    He is the first Filipino to sit in the ICJ.

    Azcuna also made headlines the past few months for saying there was nothing unconstitutional in the draft Bangsamoro Basic Law.

The headline of the ABS-CBNNEWS.COM story above is a clear demonstration of the sort of shit that passes for journalism these days – it is an editorial disguised as a headline.

The editorial message of the headline is a double whammy:

    (1) what counts in this administration is “who you know” and
    (2) government under this administration is a family affair.

That’s why the headline writer wrote: “PNoy eyeing mom’s legal counsel” instead of “PNoy eyeing former presidential legal counsel… or former associate justice of the Supreme Court… or Chancellor of the Philippine Judicial Academy… or commissioner of the International Commission of Jurists.

Notice how the headline used a colon before the word “sources” as a substitute for “according to unnamed sources”.

Wouldn’t the innuendo that Azcuna is being considered for the Comelec because of his connection to Cory, and by extension her son, lose its sting if the headline writer used “according to unnamed sources”instead of a colon?

Compare “PNoy eyeing mom’s legal counsel as Comelec chief: sources” with “PNoy eyeing mom’s legal counsel as Comelec chief according to unnamed sources.”

Ganyan ang mga journalist ngayon. Mga trying hard Goebbels.

But you can see through that misleading ABS-CBN headline by asking the following questions:

    (1) Did GMA appoint Azcuna to the Supreme Court because he was Cory’s legal counsel?

    (2) Did the Supreme Court appoint Azcuna Chancellor of the Philippine Judicial Academy because he was Cory’s legal counsel?

    (3) Was Azcuna elected to the International Commission of Jurists because he was Cory’s legal counsel?

And then you can decide whether bobo o bayaran yung headline writer ng ABS-CBN and whether ABS-CBN is turning into a cheap rag like the Manila Times, Standard-Today, and Daily Tribune.

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Takipan na!

Posted in Manuel Buencamino by uniffors on the April 13th, 2015

Ano ang mas mahalaga, yun malaman ang pangalan ni Iqbal o mahuli ang isang magnanakaw?
Obvious, diba?

So bakit kaya sinabay yung Senate hearing sa tunay na identity ni Iqbal dun sa Senate hearing tungkol sa kabulastugan ng isang taong kumakandidato sa pagka presidente?

If you go to the Senate website for a live stream of today’s Senate proceedings ang mapapanood ninyo ay ang Blue Ribbon hearing on Binay. Kasi nauna at matagal nang naka-schedule yung hearing kay Binay. Bakit ipinilit isabay yung unscheduled BBL hearing tungkol kay Iqbal?

Sa parte naman ng media. Bakit ang kino-cover ninyo ay yung Iqbal hearing at hindi yung kay Binay? Maliwanag naman na magmula pa nung panahon ni Marcos hanggang ngayon ang gobyerno ay nakikipagnegotiate na sa taong nangangalang Iqbal. Hindi na news yun, pwera na lang kung gagawin ninyong news lalung-lalo kung meron sumusulsol sa inyo na gawin ninyong news ang pangalan ni Iqbal para matakpan ang katotohanan tungkol sa pandarambong ng inyong pagador.

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Nom de guerre and nom de plume

Posted in Manuel Buencamino by uniffors on the April 12th, 2015

The Senate announced it will hold a hearing on the MILF peace negotiator Iqbal’s nom de guerre. The Senators consider it a serious matter.

Bong Revilla uses “Ramon Revilla Jr.; Jose Marie M. Bautista; Jose Marie Mortel Bautista; Ramon “Bong” Bautista Jr.; Ramon “Bong” Bautista; Jose Marie Bautista for his properties and other assets. The Senatores don’t think it matters.

Jose Marcelo Ejercito’s nom de guerre (an assumed name under which a person engages in combat or some other activity or enterprise.) is Joseph Estrada. His nom de plume is Jose Velarde. Or is nom de plunder?

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Scaring up confessions that’s the only thing polygraphs can do.

Posted in Manuel Buencamino by uniffors on the April 9th, 2015

Because the SAF and the AFP gave conflicting testimonies on the rescue part of the Mamasapano encounter, cop turned politician ACT-CIS partylist Rep Samuel Pagdilao came up with the suggestion that SAF Supt Michael John Mangahis and 1st Mechanized Brigade Commander Col Gener Del Rosario be made to take a lie detector test.

    “The people of the Republic of the Philippines deserve to know the truth and we are duty-bound to know the truth. This is our opportunity to get to the bottom of the truth of this,” he said during the hearing.

And seriously, to my utter amazement, his colleagues took him seriously. Not one of them questioned whether or not a polygraph can help the Batasan investigating committee get to the truth.

The only opposition to Pagdilao’s proposal came from Cavite Rep Elpidio Barzaga. And his objection was based on a different matter altogether.

    “Based on our experience, in the course of our investigation, there are always conflicting testimonies. The remedy to undergo polygraph would be a violation of their constitutional rights,” he said. He added that ‘subjecting resource persons to a lie-detector test would set a bad precedent and scare future resource persons’.

The utility of a polygraph is based on the universal belief that lying causes anxiety, a physically measurable state of mind or conscience, if you will. Now I don’t know about you but…

    Do chill persons suffer anxiety or exhibit anxiety when they tell a lie? So how will a machine that supposedly detects a lie by measuring changes in a person’s blood pressure, perspiration, breathing, heart rate, and voice pattern catch a chill liar? Besides some people sincerely believe they are telling the truth even when they are telling a lie. Will those kinds of liars exhibit detectable qualms of conscience?

Ronald Reagan’s retraction of his statement a few months after he denied that there was a deal with Iran exchanging arms for hostages shows why he would not have exhibited any anxiety when he lied.

    “A few months ago I told the American people I did not trade arms for hostages. My heart and my best intentions still tell me that’s true, but the facts and the evidence tell me it is not.”

The best way to detect a lie is by comparing the facts and the evidence with a person’s statement. The Batasan investigating committee can do it but that will mean a lot of off-camera work for them. So let the polygraph do our work.

But a polygraph cannot do investigative work like the committee can although it can scare confessions from its subjects, just like the suspicious customs inspector who studies your passport intently before he asks you, “Do you have anything to declare?” while looking you straight in the eye and pressing his hand over your heart.

Scaring up confessions that’s the only thing polygraphs can do.

But don’t take my word for it, take the word of people who know what they are talking about.

On the polygraph machine that has starred in so many crime and espionage movies:

John A. Larson, polygraph pioneer said,

    “The lie detector is nothing more than a psychological third-degree aimed at extorting a confession as the old physical beatings were. At times I’m sorry I ever had any part in its development.”

Prof. Stephen E. Feinberg, Chairman, Committee to Review the Scientific Evidence on the Polygraph, National Academy of Sciences, said,

    “Polygraph testing has been the gold standard, but it’s obviously fool’s gold.”

Former CIA Director John M. Deutch said,

    “[The CIA's] reliance on the polygraph is truly insane”

Former CIA Director R. James Woolsey said,

    “…the use of this highly flawed instrument should be radically curtailed.”

Retired CIA polygrapher John F. Sullivan said,

    “Polygraph is more art than science, and unless an admission is obtained, the final determination is frequently what we refer to as a scientific wild-ass guess (SWAG)”

Former Supervisory Special Agent Drew C. Richardson, FBI Laboratory Division, said,

    “[Polygraph screening] is completely without any theoretical foundation and has absolutely no validity…the diagnostic value of this type of testing is no more than that of astrology or tea-leaf reading.”

On using functional magnetic resonance brain imaging to detect lies:

Geraint Rees, director of the UCL Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, said,

    “I don’t want to be over-optimistic here that we are going to come up with some all-singing, all-dancing brain-reading, lie-detecting device. This is extremely unlikely, now or in the foreseeable future. What we can’t do is say that because a particular area of the brain is active someone was doing something like lying. Any brain area does multiple things.”

After all is said and done, maybe playing “20 Questions” with BeijingMuna’s Rep. Neri Colmenares is better than submitting to a polygraph test.

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Heroes of China

Posted in Manuel Buencamino by uniffors on the April 7th, 2015

Nag resume ang Mamasapano hearings sa Batasan. Full force ang MakaBeijing Coalition so siempre nagkakagulo.

Committee members want to get on with the hearing but BeijingMuna patrylist Rep. Neri Colmenares insists that he first be allowed to play “20 Questions” with the President (a popular parlor game where the questioner is supposed to guess the truth after asking 20 questions answerable only by Yes or No).

A member of the committee reminded Colmenares that there are also other committee members who want to ask questions, that he and his coalition are not the only members of Congress.

Colmenares, who measures his and his coalition’s stature by column inches and air time, was shocked. And alarmed.

Pale and breaking out in sweat, he turned to his comrade and whispered, “Baka ma-apektuhan ang ating funding kung umabot sa Beijing ang balitang ito.”

His colleague tried to calm him down, “Alam naman ng central committee yan. Ang importante sa kanila ay lagi tayong nag-iingay. Sige pahabin mo pa ang debate sa 20 Questions, baka ma-headline tayo sa TV Patrol at 24 Horas mamayang gabi. Malaki bonus pag nasa headline tayo. Maski anong isyu i-raise mo basta matabunan ang land grabbing ng partido sa Spratly at Masinloc.”

Colmenares smiled, “At matutuwa din si Binay.”

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Is the “Yaya Meal” anti-poor? (Updated)

Posted in Manuel Buencamino by uniffors on the April 7th, 2015

And the “Yaya Meal” story was even carried by mainstream media. The slant, of course, was discrimination and the “rich” vs “poor” thing.

Well, as someone who always fights on the side of the oppressed I would like to inform my fellow revolutionaries that I did a little detective work and found out that Yayas, Bodyguards, Drivers, Gardeners, and other household staff are not provided accomodations that their employers enjoy at home or at exclusive resorts. They sleep in rooms with a single-size mattress, no aircon, and bathroom with no bath tub.

A billionaire friend disputed my findings.

    He said, “That’s not true, Sherlock. My maids sleep with me in my bed all the time!”

    “Really? They sleep with you every night?” I asked. Increduluous.

    “Well, not every night,” he relented. “They take turns with the driver.”

UPDATE

Ang swerte naman ng mga Yaya, meron ng special meal, meron pang special Rolling Stones concert!

yaya

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A manual for local politicians

Posted in Manuel Buencamino by uniffors on the March 22nd, 2015

A Facebook post by historian Vicente Rafael on “gated-community democracy” versus Binay politics sent me searching for a book I downloaded a while back. The politician who shares his philosophy reminds me of Binay. I wouldn’t be surprised if Binay has read the book and taken its lessons to heart.

Below is an except from the book – “Plunkitt of Tammany Hall-
A Series of Very Plain Talks on Very Practical Politics, Delivered by Ex-senator George Washington Plunkitt, the Tammany Philosopher, from His Rostrum — the New York County Court House Bootblack Stand”.

    “Brought up in Tammany Hall, he has learned how to reach the hearts of the great mass of voters. He does not bother about reaching their heads. It is his belief that arguments and campaign literature have never gained votes.

    “He seeks direct contact with the people, does them good turns when he can, and relies on their not forgetting him on election day. His heart is always in his work, too, for his subsistence depends on its results.

    “If he holds his district and Tammany is in power, he is amply rewarded by a good office and the opportunities that go with it. What these opportunities are has been shown by the quick rise to wealth of so many Tammany district leaders.”

(The Tammany Hall Society was founded in 1789, it gained influence over New York City politics shortly after it was founded and maintained its position, with a few interruptions, until the 1930′s when Republican Fiorello La Guardia helped by Democrat Franklin Roosevelt won the election for mayor of New York city.)

Here is an entire chapter from the book.

    “Chapter 23. Strenuous Life of the Tammany District Leader

    Author’s Note: This chapter is based on extracts from Plunkitt’s Diary and on my daily observation of the work of the district leader. – W.L.R.

    THE life of the Tammany district leader is strenuous. To his work is due the wonderful recuperative power of the organization.

    One year it goes down in defeat and the prediction is made that it will never again raise its head. The district leader, undaunted by defeat, collects his scattered forces, organizes them as only Tammany knows how to organize, and in a little while the organization is as strong as ever.

    No other politician in New York or elsewhere is exactly like the Tammany district leader or works as he does. As a rule, he has no business or occupation other than politics. He plays politics every day and night in the year, and his headquarters bears the inscription, “Never closed.”

    Everybody in the district knows him. Everybody knows where to find him, and nearly everybody goes to him for assistance of one sort or another, especially the poor of the tenements.

    He is always obliging. He will go to the police courts to put in a good word for the “drunks and disorderlies” or pay their fines, if a good word is not effective. He will attend christenings, weddings, and funerals. He will feed the hungry and help bury the dead.

    A philanthropist? Not at all He is playing politics all the time.

    Brought up in Tammany Hall, he has learned how to reach the hearts of the great mass of voters. He does not bother about reaching their heads. It is his belief that arguments and campaign literature have never gained votes.

    He seeks direct contact with the people, does them good turns when he can, and relies on their not forgetting him on election day. His heart is always in his work, too, for his subsistence depends on its results.

    If he holds his district and Tammany is in power, he is amply rewarded by a good office and the opportunities that go with it. What these opportunities are has been shown by the quick rise to wealth of so many Tammany district leaders. With the examples before him of Richard Croker, once leader of the Twentieth District; John F. Carroll, formerly leader of the Twenty-ninth; Timothy (“Dry Dollar”) Sullivan, late leader of the Sixth, and many others, he can always look forward to riches and ease while he is going through the drudgery of his daily routine.

    This is a record of a day’s work by Plunkitt:

    2 A.M.: Aroused from sleep by the ringing Of his doorbell; went to the door and found a bartender, who asked him to go to the police station and ball out a saloon-keeper who had been arrested for violating the excise law. Furnished bail and returned to bed at three o’clock.

    6 .A.M.: Awakened by fire engines passing his house. Hastened to the scene of the fire, according to the custom of the Tammany district leaders, to give assistance to the fire sufferers, if needed. Met several of his election district captains who are always under orders to look out for fires, which are considered great vote-getters. Found several tenants who had been burned out, took them to a hotel, supplied them with clothes, fed them, and arranged temporary quarters for them until they could rent and furnish new apartments.

    8:30 A.M.: Went to the police court to look after his constituents. Found six “drunks.” Secured the discharge of four by a timely word with the judge, and paid the fines of two.

    9 A.M.: Appeared in the Municipal District Court. Directed one of his district captains to act as counsel for a widow against whom dispossess proceedings had been instituted and obtained an extension of time. Paid the rent of a poor family about to be dispossessed and gave them a dollar for food.

    11 A.M.: At home again. Found four men waiting for him. One had been discharged by the Metropolitan Rail way Company for neglect of duty, and wanted the district leader to fix things. Another wanted a job on the road. The third sought a place on the Subway and the fourth, a plumber, was looking for work with the Consolidated Gas Company. The district leader spent nearly three hours fixing things for the four men, and succeeded in each case.

    3 P.M.: Attended the funeral of an Italian as far as the ferry. Hurried back to make his appearance at the funeral of a Hebrew constituent. Went conspicuously to the front both in the Catholic church and the synagogue, and later attended the Hebrew confirmation ceremonies in the synagogue.

    7 P.M.: Went to district headquarters and presided over a meeting of election district captains. Each captain submitted a list of all the voters in his district, reported on their attitude toward Tammany, suggested who might be won over and how they could be won, told who were in need, and who were in trouble of any kind and the best way to reach them. District leader took notes and gave orders.

    8 P.M.: Went to a church fair. Took chances on everything, bought ice cream for the young girls and the children. Kissed the little ones, flattered their mother: and took their fathers out for something down at the comer.

    9 P.M.: At the clubhouse again. Spent $l0 on tickets for a church excursion and promised a subscription for a new church bell. Bought tickets for a baseball game to be played by two nines from his district. Listened to the complaints of a dozen pushcart peddlers who said they were persecuted by the police and assured them he would go to Police Headquarter: in the morning and see about it.

    10:30 P.M.: Attended a Hebrew wedding reception and dance. Had previously sent a handsome wedding present to the bride.

    12 P.M.: In bed.

    That is the actual record of one day in the life of Plunkitt. He does some of the same things every day, but his life is not so monotonous as to be wearisome. Sometimes the work of a district leader is exciting, especially if he happens to have a rival who intends to make a contest for the leadership at the primaries. In that case, he is even more alert, tries to reach the fires before his rival, sends out runners to look for “drunks and disorderlies” at the police stations, and keeps a very dose watch on the obituary columns of the newspapers. A few years ago there was a bitter contest for the Tammany leadership of the Ninth District between John C. Sheehan and Frank J. Goodwin. Both had had long experience in Tammany politics and both understood every move of the game.

    Every morning their agents went to their respective headquarters before seven o’clock and read through the death notices in all the morning papers. If they found that anybody in the district had died, they rushed to the homes of their principals with the information and then there was a race to the house of the deceased to offer condolences, and, if the family were poor, something more substantial.

    On the day of the funeral there was another contest. Each faction tried to surpass the other in the number and appearance of the carriages it sent to the funeral, and more than once they almost came to blows at the church or in the cemetery.

    On one occasion the Goodwinites played a trick on their adversaries which has since been imitated in other districts. A well-known liquor dealer who had a considerable following died, and both Sheehan and Goodwin were eager to become his political heir by making a big showing at the funeral.

    Goodwin managed to catch the enemy napping. He went to all the livery stables in the district, hired all the carriages for the day, and gave orders to two hundred of his men to be on hand as mourners.

    Sheehan had never had any trouble about getting all the carriages that he wanted, so he let the matter go until the night before the funeral. Then he found that he could not hire a carriage in the district.

    He called his district committee together in a hurry and explained the situation to them. He could get all the vehicles he needed in the adjoining district, he said, but if he did that, Goodwin would rouse the voters of the Ninth by declaring that he (Sheehan) had patronized foreign industries.

    Finally, it was decided that there was nothing to do but to go over to Sixth Avenue and Broadway for carriages. Sheehan made a fine turnout at the funeral, but the deceased was hardly in his grave before Goodwin raised the cry of “Protection to home industries,” and denounced his rival for patronizing livery-stable keepers outside of his district. The err’ had its effect in the primary campaign. At all events, Goodwin was elected leader.

    A recent contest for the leadership of the Second District illustrated further the strenuous work of the Tammany district leaders. The contestants were Patrick Divver, who had managed the district for years, and Thomas F. Foley.

    Both were particularly anxious to secure the large Italian vote. They not only attended all the Italian christenings and funerals, but also kept a close lookout for the marriages in order to be on hand with wedding presents.

    At first, each had his own reporter in the Italian quarter to keep track of the marriages. Later, Foley conceived a better plan. He hired a man to stay all day at the City Hall marriage bureau, where most Italian couples go through the civil ceremony, and telephone to him at his saloon when anything was doing at the bureau.

    Foley had a number of presents ready for use and, whenever he received a telephone message from his man, he hastened to the City Hall with a ring or a watch or a piece of silver and handed it to the bride with his congratulations. As a consequence, when Divver got the news and went to the home of the couple with his present, he always found that Foley had been ahead of him. Toward the end of the campaign, Divver also stationed a man at the marriage bureau and then there were daily foot races and fights between the two heelers.

    Sometimes the rivals came into conflict at the death-bed. One night a poor Italian peddler died in Roosevelt Street. The news reached Divver and Foley about the same time, and as they knew the family of the man was destitute, each went to an undertaker and brought him to the Roosevelt Street tenement.

    The rivals and the undertakers met at the house and an altercation ensued. After much discussion the Divver undertaker was selected. Foley had more carriages at the funeral, however, and he further impressed the Italian voters by paying the widow’s rent for a month, and sending her half a ton of coal and a barrel of flour.

    The rivals were put on their mettle toward the end of the campaign by the wedding of a daughter of one of the original Cohens of the Baxter Street region. The Hebrew vote in the district is nearly as large as the Italian vote, and Divver and Foley set out to capture the Cohens and their friends.

    They stayed up nights thinking what they would give the bride. Neither knew how much the other was prepared to spend on a wedding present, or what form it would take; so spies were employed by both sides to keep watch on the jewelry stores, and the jewelers of the district were bribed by each side to impart the desired information.

    At last Foley heard that Divver had purchased a set of silver knives, forks and spoons. He at once bought a duplicate set and added a silver tea service. When the presents were displayed at the home of the bride, Divver was not in a pleasant mood and he charged his jeweler with treachery. It may be added that Foley won at the primaries.

    One of the fixed duties of a Tammany district leader is to give two outings every summer, one for the men of his district and the other for the women and children, and a beefsteak dinner and a ball every winter. The scene of the outings is, usually, one of the groves along the Sound.

    The ambition of the district leader on these occasions is to demonstrate that his men have broken all records in the matter of eating and drinking. He gives out the exact number of pounds of beef, poultry, butter, etc., that they have consumed and professes to know how many potatoes and ears of corn have been served.

    According to his figures, the average eating record of each man at the outing is about ten pounds of beef, two or three chickens, a pound of butter, a half peck of potatoes, and two dozen ears of corn. The drinking records, as given out, are still more phenomenal. For some reason, not yet explained, the district leader thinks that his popularity will be greatly increased if he can show that his followers can eat and drink more than the followers of any other district leader.

    The same idea governs the beefsteak dinners in the winter. It matters not what sort of steak is served or how it is cooked; the district leader considers only the question of quantity, and when he excels all others in this particular, he feels, somehow, that he is a bigger man and deserves more patronage than his associates in the Tammany Executive Committee.

    As to the balls, they are the events of the winter in the extreme East Side and West Side society. Mamie and Maggie and Jennie prepare for them months in advance, and their young men save up for the occasion just as they save for the summer trips to Coney Island.

    The district leader is in his glory at the opening of the ball He leads the cotillion with the prettiest woman present – his wife, if he has one, permitting – and spends almost the whole night shaking hands with his constituents. The ball costs him a pretty penny, but he has found that the investment pays.

    By these means the Tammany district leader reaches out into the homes of his district, keeps watch not only on the men, but also on the women and children; knows their needs, their likes and dislikes, their troubles and their hopes, and places himself in a position to use his knowledge for the benefit of his organization and himself. Is it any wonder that scandals do not permanently disable Tammany and that it speedily recovers from what seems to be crushing defeat?”

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